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Education and Educational Institutions of Orissa .

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Education is on of the prime tools of developing not only human capabilities but also to shape up the future of a nation. It is the main part of the government to provide education to its citizens . If we are talking about the education scenerio of Orissa state , indeed we say that in recent times there is a sea change in the tools, technology and mode of education. In the post-independence era, the mode & method of education has continually evolved in Orissa and India. In the modern times to cater the needs of specific groups the need for differentiation in education method has also changed . After independence Orissa is improving & competing with other states of India to become a prosperous state in the field of education.

Now Orissa has a number of Universities, General colleges, Medical, Engineering , Management, Ayurvedic, Homeopathic, Law, Dance & Music Colleges, B.E.D training Centers, C.T. and Hindi training Centers. Due to the high standard of education in Orissa, students from all over India are also coming to Orissa for higher studies. With the increase of public-private participation, now the students of Orissa enjoying most modern facilities in education. With the change of time educational institutions like Xavier Institute of Business Management, Institute of Physics, Utkal Univrsity, National Institute of Technology-Rourkela, Biju Pattnaik University of Technology, IIMC-Dhenkanal, Kalinga Institute of Technology, S C B Medical College, Cuttack, V S S Medical College & Hospital, Burla and so on dazzles Orissa’s name nationally and internationally in the filed of education. Orissa has always made concerted efforts to provide quality education to all. Prospects of a brighter future is evidently in the offing in view of certain major initiatives of the Government of Orissa, the Government of India and private parties.

In Orissa , entry to various institutes of higher education is through a centralised Joint Entrance Examination, conducted by the Biju Patnaik University and more recently through the Common Entrance Test (CET) conducted by Orissa Private Engineering College Association (OPECA) & Orissa Private Medical College Association (OPMCA). Here seats are provided according to order of merit.

The Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneswar (XIMB) is a premier business school of national and international significance located in the state capital. The National Institute of Science Education and Research, Bhubaneswar (NISER) is another premier educational cum research institution that is being set up. It will be built along the lines of the reputed IISc, Bangalore. The idea of building a national level medical school and hospital, the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), as well as an Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT) in the state capital, Bhubaneswar have also been mooted. The Indian Ministry of Human Resources Development had also announced its intention of creating two IITs in Orissa, one of which possibly was planned to have been accomplished by upgrading the prestigious University College of Engineering, Burla, under the 11th five year plan. Unfortunately, the ministry shifted the IIT to Andhra Pradesh.

Brief education scenerio of Orissa .

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Literacy rate in Orissa is 63.08% by 2001, as against all India average of 64.8%. Male literacy rate is 75.95% and female literacy rate is 50.51% .

There are 14.233 Upper Primary Schools as on 2003-04. There is one Upper Primary School for each 10.94 km area in the State.

44,416 Primary Schools with 52.54 lakh enrolment and 97 lakh teachers in the State as on 2003-2004. There is one Primary School for every 3.5 Sq.Km area.

Secondary stage of education from Classes VIII to X is under the academic control of the Board of Secondary Education. During 2003-04, 7,011 high schools were functioning in the State which 3,556 were Government High Schools and 657 were aided schools. During 2003-04, there was one High School for every 22.2 sq. km.

1,112 General Colleges to provide facilities for higher secondary education in the State including 48 Government Colleges. The Council of Higher Secondary Education regulates higher secondary education, conducts examination and co-ordinate University Education. During 2003-2004, 1,679 General Colleges were functioning, out of which 96 were Government and 601 were aided colleges.

Here are 4 Government Training Colleges, six Colleges of Teachers Education and three Institutes of Advanced Study in Education, in the State. The State has nine Universities.

WWW.AMAZINGORISSA.COM

Literacy rate in Orissa is 63.08% by 2001, as against all India average of 64.8%. Male literacy rate is 75.95% and female literacy rate is 50.51% .

There are 14.233 Upper Primary Schools as on 2003-04. There is one Upper Primary School for each 10.94 km area in the State.

44,416 Primary Schools with 52.54 lakh enrolment and 97 lakh teachers in the State as on 2003-2004. There is one Primary School for every 3.5 Sq.Km area.

Secondary stage of education from Classes VIII to X is under the academic control of the Board of Secondary Education. During 2003-04, 7,011 high schools were functioning in the State which 3,556 were Government High Schools and 657 were aided schools. During 2003-04, there was one High School for every 22.2 sq. km.

1,112 General Colleges to provide facilities for higher secondary education in the State including 48 Government Colleges. The Council of Higher Secondary Education regulates higher secondary education, conducts examination and co-ordinate University Education. During 2003-2004, 1,679 General Colleges were functioning, out of which 96 were Government and 601 were aided colleges.

Here are 4 Government Training Colleges, six Colleges of Teachers Education and three Institutes of Advanced Study in Education, in the State. The State has nine Universities.

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