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Amazing Kalahandi

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Kalahandi District In Brief

Population : 1336000(2001 census)
Sex Ratio : 1000 female in 1000 male
Literacy : 45.94 % (2001 census)
Area : 7920 km²
Subdivision : 02
Tahasil : 07
Blocks : 13
G Panchayat : 273
Town : 03
Muncipality : 02
NAC : 01
village : 2205
Temperature : 48.6 degree (max), 10.2degree(min)
Rainfall : 1397.8 mm (average)
Languages spoken : Oriya, Hindi, English and Telgu.
Clothing : Light cotton in summer and heavy woolen in winter.

Kalahandi .

Kalahandi district of Orissa was known as Mahakantara (Great Forest) in ancient India. It is also known as Karunda Mandal, which means treasure of precious stones like karandam (Manik), Garnet (red stone), Beruz, Neelam (blue stone) and Alexandra etc.

Historical significance of naming Kalahandi as Karunda Mandala is based on the availability of Corundum in this region. Maa Manikeswari (the goddess of Manikya), is the clan deity of the Naga kings of Kalahandi may have also necessitated the adoption of the name.

The present District of Kalahandi was a former princely state. After Indian Independence, Kalahandi joined with the Union of India on January 1, 1948. Subsequently it merged with Orissa on November 1, 1949. Junagarh town is located 26 kilometers from Bhawanipatna has a well-built fort and a number of temples of Hindu pantheon, with sculptural evidence of the rite of sati.


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