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Tells of temples.

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Orissa being a land of ancient and sacred temples, and a state where three religions flourished, is thronged by pilgrims throughout the year. There are a large number of fairs and festivals celebrated in the state relating to each religion, tribe. Festivals relating to Lord Jagannath, the presiding deity of the Puri Temple, and many seasonal exhibitions and fairs as well as special festivals such as the Konark Dance Festival, the Rajarani Music Festival, the Puri Beach Festival etc are regarded as prominent one .

Lingaraj temple(11th century AD).

Built in 11th century AD , the Lingaraj temple, presently at state capital Bhubaneswar , is considered as the epitome of Orissa architecture. More than two generations effort and about a century of time spents over to complete this amazing sculpture.Started by king Jajati keshari this was completed by king Lalatendu keshari. Here this scluptures show various aspects of contemporary life and it is really remarkable for the maturity of form and excellence of expression. Touring Orissa , excluiding this great sclptures, implies the tour is incomplete.

Rajarani temple(11th century AD).

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The compose of the temples is a variety by itself. The structure rising to a height of 17.98 meters in fine grained yellowish sand stone presents a dramatic sequence in temple building activities. Closely clustered with its own miniature replicas or Anga Sikhara projections, Rajarani has family resemblance with Kandariya Mahadeva temple of Khajuraho. The slender waisted life-size figures languorously posed, reflect the artists' realistic appreciation of the wealth of feminine charm a sumptuous feast for the visitor's eye. Historian says Originally the name of the temple was Indreswar.But it is widely famous as Rajarani temple. Rajarani means king and queen. Here the several unique type of stone was used to built this extraordinary sculpture .This is purely an example of the experimental and original tendencies of Orissan architects.

Sun Temple Konark .

The temple of konark is located at a distance of about 62 Km from state capital Bhubaneswar. Connectivity form state capital Bhubaneswar to konark is verywell by road. It is Widely known as Sun temple and one of the strange monument of the world .Sculpture of 13th century was built by ruler Narasimha dev-I. Chariot Shaped and driven by seven horses on a 12 pair of wheels is the uniqueness of this monument. Almost all part of the walls of the temple contain superb carving of divine, human and animal figures amidst floral and geometric ornamentation by ancient artisan of orissa . Gone are the days... only the main entrance hall , known as Mukhasala , is the only remains of the temple as a testimony to the glorious craftmanship of Orissa which height is about is 46 m.

Simhanath Temple(9th century) .

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The Simhanath temple combines older features with new and energetic experiments. Situated on an island in the Mahanadi River it is about 12kms distance from Badamba area in Cuttack District. Believed to be built in 9th century the design of this temple is interesting for its images of Shaiva, Shakta and Vaishnava cults of Hinduism.The jagmohana appears to be influenced by the Vaital Deul temple in Bhubaneswar.

Taleswar temple(8th-9th AD).

Here the architectural features and the sculptural style establish that this temple was constructed dated to 8th-9th Century A.D. History says this temple was constructed during the Bhaumakara rule in Orissa. As facing east , this temple is a single shrine built in "Rekha" order of Kalingan style of temple architecture. The temple is "Pancharatha" in plan, over a raised base to a height of about 3.7 meters. Recently renovation gave this temple a new look.

Baladevajew Temple .

Widely Known as 'Tulasi Kshetra', small town Kendrapara is famous for the temple of Lord Baladeva. It is at a distance of 75kms form cuttack and 95kms form state capital Bhubaneswar. Here the worshipping idol is lord Baladeva. Though only lord Baladeva is ruling idol here ,the rites and rituals of Lord Jagannath at Puri are generally followed here . This makes Kendrapara equally attractive.

Mukteswar temple(10th century).

It is considered as the gem of Orissan architecture in sand stone. Belonging to the 10th century AD; its special features a crucial turning point in the tempo of the Orissan temple architecture . The magnificent arched gateway, the Torana, in the front of the Mukteswar is a unique piece of stonework. The graceful feminine figures in languorous poses are as captivating as the figures of monkeys and royal peacocks on it. For more than 10th centuries this temple has gracefully remained as a standing invitation to hold back the visitors .

Bhaskareswar Temple(7th century AD) .

Typical feature of this temple is it was built in 7th century AD . A double storied temple with a tall linga ( about 2.74 meters height from the floor level) is said to be originally a free- standing Ashokan pilar . To enable the devotees to reach the top of the linga and to perform rituals , here arranges have been made for the years. The upper tier, approachable by a flight of steps against the northern wall of the lower tier, is pierced with a door on the West side; the lower one looks like a platform and is provided with four doorways, one on each side, leading to the floor of the sanctum. Both the tiers are pancharatha on plan and have five-fold divisions .

Brahmeswar Temple(11th century).

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Built in 11th century AD, Brahmeswar temple, is a milestone in the temple architecture of Orissa. The slab-sealing interior is carved as an inverted lotus with serpentine figures at corners. The procession of armed infantry, cavalry and elephants, animals and birds adorn the friezes of the structure.

Daiteswar Temple (10th-11th Century).

Daiteswar temple is a single shrine of Rekha deula built with sandstone . The temple faces east and the door-jamb has carved designs. The Outer walls of the temple are found plain and without moulding or designs. From architechtural features it is believed that this temple was built in between 10th - 11th century AD . The temple was in a collapsing stage and recently structural conservation and part renovation work was done .

Kedareswar Temple(11th Century).

The architectural features as well the sculptural style noticed on the sculptures of this temple would place it during the Somavamsi rule in Orissa in 11th century AD. This temple is Pancharatha in design and contains a 'Rekha Deula' and a "Pidha Jagamohana". The temple faces south and the height of the sanctum would be about 13.7 meters. This is the main shrine of the Kedar-Gouri Complex, which can be approached on the east from the Lewis Road .

Khichakeswari Temple(7th-8th Century).

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A remote destination in the northern area of Orissa here is the town of Khiching which was obviously once a religious center of some importance. The temples which remain today, although interesting in their own right . The large temple of Kichakeswari originally probably dating back to the 7th or 8th century, was reconstructed from the ruins of an earlier temple in the early 20th century. The reconstruction, which used the traditional technique of moving large stone elements up a huge earthen ramp, proved that the ancient skill of temple building and architecture survived into the current century.

Leaning Shiva Temple.

On the bank of the river Mahanadi, leaning shiva temple of huma is a excellent scenic spot of great excellence. This spot is about 32 km from Sambalpur town and 350 km from Bhubaneswar. This temple is dedicated to Lord Bimaleswar. Here for a visitor, another attraction are Kudo fishes . Research scholars reveals that constructed temple does not reflect the true form of the original, because it had a unique approach previously. Here Large and tall images are slender and graceful, reflecting a remarkable sophistication of touch.

Madhava Temple(13th century).

About a distance of 6kms from Niali, the famous Madhava temple of 13th century is located on the eastern bank of the Prachi River . This area is famous for four armed Vishnu cult . Particularly, the area between Niali and Madhava appears to have been the principal centre of the Madhava i.e. four-armed Vishnu cult in Orissa. This is widely described in Sri Jayadeva's Gita Govinda. The temple is also sometimes referred to as "Durgamadhava" because of the presence of a small Durga image next to Madhava within the sanctum. Strong believe of devotees on this temple draws a large number of pilgrims from all over Orissa and other visitors also.

Nrusinghanath Temple (15th centuary).

Built in 15th centuary AD , the temple Nrusinganath is about 165kms away form Sambalpur via Baragarh. Located at the foot of the sacred Gandhamardan Hills, this temple has strong mythologiacl background. According to legends Lord Hanuman carried on his shoulders from the Himalayas as described in the ancient epic Ramayana. This place was previously known as Parimalagiri and all the time this temple at Nrusinghanath has been an important pilgrimage site. It is also an exceedingly fascinating and beautifully located temple and is worth the journey to this rather remote spot. On the 14ht day of bright fortnight of Baisakhi, a great fair is held here in the honour of lord Nrusinghanath. The site of the temple is unique. Stone steps wind up the hillside behind the temple, leading past a waterfall and eventually curving under the falls to a spot where some beautiful, and very well- preserved relief sculptures are found. The climb to the carvings and return journey will take about an hour. Since shoes are not permitted on these sanctified pilgrimage steps, those with tender feet should take along a pair of heavy socks for the climb.

Harisankar temple .

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On the opposite slope of the Gandhamardana hill on which Lord Nrusinghanath temple is located, the temple Harishankar is located. Between the two temples there is a 16 km. plateau, littered with Buddhist ruins that scholars feel may be the remains of the ancient university of Parimalagiri, referred to by the seventh-century Chinese traveler Hiuen T'sang .

Parasurameswara Temple (7th centuary) .

This highly ornate monument is 12.80 meters high and hailed as the earliest surviving temple, belongs to the middle of the 7th century AD. It is furnished with four latticed windows and grill decoration of ‘bands of animated musicians and dancers, remarkable for ingenuity of conception, beauty of design and rhythmic vigour writes Debala Mitra. Every Stone here is of informative character, one visitor can say resistlessly.

Pataleswar Temple .

Located at a distance of 115 km from Bhawanipatna, Budhikomna houses the famous temple of Pataleswar . The uniqueness of the temple is that it is made entirely of brick in Trirath style. The architectural design is quite interesting to art-lovers and general visitors also. And particularly this unique architecture is a centre of attraction.

Voital temple (8th centuary).

This temple has different and unique architecture and believed that it was built in 8th centuary. Here the deity is chamunda,the terrible and blood thirsty goddess represent violent principles of the universe .The roof is not a tower but a vault,looking like an overturned boat. The roof is plain.

64 Yogini Shrines(9th centuary).

On the outskirts of Bhubaneswar, 15 km south-east of the city, is a small, circular temple which is widely known as Yogini Temple. It dates to the early ninth century. It is hypaethral i.e.open to the sky, and belongs to a genre of architecture completely apart from the major Orissan school. Although it seems that temples of this type existed throughout India at one time, today only four remain. Two of them are in Orissa; the shrine at Hirapur and one at Ranipur-Jharial, located 104 km from Bolangir. The temple's circular wall, which is barely 2 meters high, contains 64 niches within its inner circumference. All except one of these contain an image of a Yogini Goddess. Some of the Goddesses are portrayed with sensual bodies and jewelled bodices, others with horrific shrunken features, still others with animal heads. Even today, standing in the deserted temple with bright sunshine pouring in, one senses a strange emanation from the temple, and this feeling is in keeping with its original purpose. Active between the ninth and thirteenth centuries, the cults responsible for these temples worshipped Yogini Goddesses in expectation of the direct acquisition of supernatural powers. The Yoginis were thought to be able to confer on their devotees the power to become microscopic or gigantic in size, to control the body and mind of oneself and of others, to fly, become invisible, and myriad other useful abilities. Worship seems to have centered on the repetition of the names of the Goddesses, and in later centuries, when active use of the shrines ceased, worshippers transferred their devotions to mystical paper diagrams.

Kapilas Shiva temple .

Here lord Chandra Sekhar Mahadev resides. The temple is on the top of the Kapilas mountain whish is 223ft height from the ground. The great fair here held every year on Maha Shivaratri day, where lakhs of devotees thronged here all over India.

Dhabaleswar Temple.

At a distance of 3kms form cuttack city and on an Island in the middle of the river Mahanadi, the temple of lord Dhabaleswar stands.It is believed that to save a devotee form disaster, lord shiva turned a black bullock into white.On the full moon day of Kartika , lakhs of devotees gathered here to observed Bada Osha utsav.

Jagannath temple(Chhatia Bata) .

Traditionally forecast teller epic Malika is associated with this temple. Because Malika writer Saint Hadi Das was resides here.Here is an ancient banian tree which is popularly known as Chhatia Bata and the lord Jagannath termple is also a really worthy visiting place for all the visitors.

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